Sunday, January 19, 2014

Dr Krishna Rao Pandit

THE LEGENDARY MUSICIAN OF HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC

Pt. Krishnarao Shankar Pandit  of Gwalior Gharana is acknowledged as a doyen of Hindustani Classical Music. He was born on 26th July 1893.  Pt. Krishnaraoji was groomed at a very early age by his illustrious and devoted father Pt. Shankar Pandit who was legend in himself and the late Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan.  Not only was noted for his unique and incomparable vocal music but also for devoting his entire life to the service of music and its propagation amongst the masses. Panditji has trained a number of disciples.  He founded a school of music Shankar Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in Gwalior in 1914.  He has evolved an easy & independent notation system in 1914.  Panditji has published 8 books & written many articles in different journals & magazines.

For his immense contribution for the world of classical music, he has been bestowed with numerous honours.

Honours by the Government & Academies

Padma Bhushan                                  President of India, Govt of India – 1973
Tansen Award                                    Madhya Pradesh Government – 1980                                    National Singer                                    President, Government of India – 1959
Sangeet Bhishmacharya                    All World Marathi Sammellan, Bombay – 1989 
Akashwani Award       All India Radio (Being one of the oldest broadcaster of AIR, having broadcasted his             inspiring music from all stations of AIR of undivided India)                                                                 Doctor of Music                               Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya, Khairagarh – 1961       Shikhar Samman                               Madhya Pradesh Government – 1973                                             Gaan Maharishi                                Jagatguru Shankaracharya Sankeshwar Peet – 1975           Bhuwalka Award                               Sangeet Saurabh – 1982                                                             Swar Vilas                                          Sursingar Samsad, Bombay 1971                                               Sangeet Ratnalankar                        Gwalior State – 1945                                                                     Taan Samrat                                      Rajgarh State – 1925
Laya Samrat                                      Patiala State – 1923                                                                 Sangeet Visharad                              Harvallabh Sangeet Sabha - Jalandhar – 1923                       Sangeet Shiromani                            Multan Sangeet Sabha – 1922                                                  Gayak Shiromani                              All India Congress, Ahmedabad – 1921

Felicitations by people and prominent Institutions:

On the occasion of his 61st Birthday – by the citizens of Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore, Bombay Sagar etc. - 1957.

Nagrik Samman – By  the Municipal Corporation and Citizens of Gwalior – 1959.

Certificate of Excellence – Gandharva Mahavidyala Mandal – Golden Jubilee, Bombay – 1952.

Felicitations by – Pt. Bhatkhande Centenary Celebrations, Gwalior – 1960 etc. Sangeet Research Academy, Calcutta – 1980. Faculty of Music & Fine Arts, University of Delhi – 1986 etc.

Pt. Krishna Rao Shankar Pandit Prasang” organised by Bharat Bhawan-Bhopal.  A three day festival organised on his personality, works and musical contribution – 16th, 17th & 18th November 1985.

Awards, Felicitations, Honours, Titles, Medals :

1) From the erstwhile States : Satara, Rajgarh, Bharatpur, Baroda, Patiala, Nabha, Kashmir, Mysore, Lucknow, Gwalior,  Rampur, Nepal etc.

2) Felicitations by the National Leaders : Lok Manya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Rashtrapita Mahatma Gandhi, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad,            Sarvapalli Radhakrishna, Sh. V.V. Giri, Smt. Indira Gandhi, Sh. Moraji Desai, Sh. Rajiv Gandhi, Jagadguru Shankaracharya etc. Besides this Panditji was a freedom fighter an inviteee to the All India Congress Sessions every year where he used to inspire the masses through this music.

Position's adorned

State Musician of the erstwhile State of  Satara (Maharashtra) 1911-1912, Gwalior twice from 1926 to 1935 and since 1936 up to death. • “Emeritus Professor” Madhav Music College, Gwalior – 1947 till death.• Producer Emeritus – All India Radio and Doordarshan 1981-1984, Fellowship from Education and Cultural Ministry, Government of India- 1980.

Audio Recordings

All India Radio Archives, New Delhi, Various Stations of All India Radio, National Centre for performing Arts Bombay, Columbia – 78 RMP recordings, L.P. recording HMV, H.M.V.  Cassette recordings, Madhya Pradesh Kala Parishad, Faculty of Music & Fine Arts – Delhi University,  Sangeet Natak Academy,  Disc recordings prepared by Seth Laxmichand of Karachi in 1934, “Great Tradition” Master of Music, L.P. recording of H.M.V. Released in The Festival of India 1986. Its first disc was presented by Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Rajiv Gandhi to Panditji himself, Recordings available with different institiutions, music lovers and connoisseurs of music.

Video Recordings

The Great Masters” produced by Doordarshan – 1984 , Documentary film by the Films divisons “Pt. Krishna Rao Shankar Pandit” - 1987, Bharat Bhawan – Bhopal, A Photo exhibition on life and works of Panditji by information and publication division of Madhya Pradesh Government, Panditji has envolved an easy and independent Notation System as early as 1914.

Panditji breathed his last on 22nd August, 1989 at Gwalior, his recordings and writings provide inspiration and encouragement to all the present and coming generations. With him has passed away a stalwart of a bygone era, the like of whom will perhaps never adorn the field of Indian Classical music in the years to come.  His great tradition continues with his illustrious son Pt Laxman Krishnarao Pandit, grand daughter Meeta Pandit and a number of prominent disciples.

1 comment:

  1. [...] Annual Award in the name of legendary musician Pt. Krishnarao Shankar Pandit has been instituted from the year 2011. The name of the award is Pt. Krishnarao Shankar [...]

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